Rev. Peter Mullins, Rector of the United Benefice of Haworth and Cross Roads, writes:-
A REFELCTION FOR THE END OF 2017 AND THE BEGINNING OF 2018
I’ve just taken down my copy of the Good News Bible, prepared in ‘standard, everyday, natural English’ and published in 1976. It was given to me by my mother for Christmas that year; I would have just completed my first term in the Sixth Form.
I remember the excitement of the sales pitch that the word translated since Anglo-Saxon times as ‘Go(d’s)spel’ was here directly rendered ‘Good News’ and being intrigued by how much more could be opened up in the same way (as, for example ‘repent’ becomes ‘turn away from your sins’).
Three years later, in my first term at University, I was trying to come to terms with the vocabulary of New Testament Greek myself, words like logos (word), phone (sound) and thanatos (death). I found that the prefix eu- (nice) turned each of these into English words I recognised: eulogos (nice words) gave me eulogy (a spoken tribute); euphone (nice sound) gave me euphonious (pleasant to hear); euthanatos (nice death) gave me euthanasia (mercy killing).
So I found exactly where the sale pitch of the Good News Bible was grounded: an angel is a messenger, and thus euangelion (nice message) gives us evangelist (a writer or proclaimer of what at different stages of the development of English has been rendered gospel, glad tidings and good news).
It was only much later that I found that the New Testament writers who wrote the word ‘euangelion’ were also reading it as a word in their own Bibles – the standard Greek translation in their own time of what we call the Hebrew scriptures or Old Testament. And here, as often as not, euangelion was being used for the announcement of a victory, almost as if it was in fact a technical term for a joyful despatch from a battlefield.
So, on a Sunday in Advent 2017, as the opening words of Mark’s Gospel came round once more and we began to proclaim ‘This is the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God… I will send my messenger ahead of you to clear the way for you… someone is shouting… make a straight path for him to travel’, I was put in mind of Rowan Williams’ reminder that this has the force of an announcement of regime change.
Not Good News as in ‘settle down children and let us hear some of the lovely stories about Jesus – and then we can have a hot drink and go to bed and have sweet dreams’.
But Good News as in ‘dance in the streets because the word abroad is that the despot who has been in charge for far too long is under house arrest and the expected successor is now actually in the country – and then align yourselves urgently with the new possibilities opening up in front of you lest either he’ll find you colluding with the old corruption or we’ll all miss the chance and the new cabinet will simply get filled up with the same people as the old one ’.
AN OCTOBER REFLECTION ABOUT A HARVEST FESTIVAL READING
What can you remember about the story of Jesus healing a group of ten people?
Recently, a Bible Study Group at St Michael’s had a go.
Between us, we remembered that a journey had been taking place when ten lepers living in isolation from their communities (possibly in a cave) asked Jesus for healing and were granted it. Jesus told them to show themselves to the religious authorities to demonstrate that they were healed and could be reintegrated into society. Only one of the ten came back praising God and saying ‘thank you’.
We looked at Luke 17.11-19 to see how well we had done.
Neither the cave (which is the traditional site) nor the reintegration into society are mentioned in the passage. We guessed that sermons had mentioned these details over the years and the details had stuck in our minds.
Some members of the group were moved to notice that it wasn’t that the lepers were cleansed and then sent to the priests. It was in doing what Jesus told them to do (going to the priests) that they found themselves cleansed.
But by far the most striking thing was we’d totally forgotten that a Samaritan was involved.
Jesus was journeying to Jerusalem and along the edge of Samaritan territory when the lepers call out to him ‘from a distance’. The one who came back to give thanks was a Samaritan. And Jesus’ comment towards the end of the passage was that it was only this ‘this foreigner’ who did so.
I’ve looked the word up. It is allo-genes which is literally ‘other-bred’ and may be somewhere between ‘people not like us’ and ‘mis-begotten’.
So, could it be that the way we’d been told the story so often simply focussed on the easy and respectable message that we should remember to be thankful? But we’d not been marked by the real bite of the passage at this point that is the despised other who did so?
Perhaps what Luke wanted us to hear was ‘those whose religion we are tempted to despise (whose versions of Christianity are least attractive to us, or those who are ‘other-bred’ culturally or literally) can be where we find both examples of trust in God and some specific human qualities which we sometime lack ourselves’?
THE PARABLE OF THE ROYD
Something to think about during September 2017
Almost the first thing I learnt in Haworth was about how parcels of land on the moors were worked so that they might be useful for agriculture. There were a host of special implements and I was even shown some of them. It was clearly a long and backbreaking job to make even a patch on the edge of the moor productive.
This turns out to be the origin of the word ‘royd’, which is the very local name for the clearings and fields brought into cultivation in this way.
I have particularly enjoyed learning since then that two hundred years ago surnames which end in ‘royd’ (such as Ackroyd, Holroyd and Murgatroyd) were hardly known outside this part of the West Riding.
So I had a new picture in my mind when reading Jesus’ parable of the sower. It is certainly not about ‘those out there’ who pay less attention to God than fruitful people like ‘me’.
Perhaps it was about a man called Oldroyd.
Over the years, he’d trodden down a new path on his long walk to his patch on the edge of the moor. He’d invested a huge amount of time and effort in creating his royd there. He continued to have to work hard to keep it clear. And he was finally bringing home a basic crop of grain.
He knew full well that seed which spilt on the trodden path just sat on the surface. I fear that there are messages from the Gospel which glance off me without my even noticing.
He knew that seed which spilt over the edge of his royd onto the uncleared moor next to it would hardly take root at all. I suspect that there are messages from the Gospel which I notice fleetingly but which I’ve soon forgotten.
He knew that what grew from seed which fell where he had not kept on top of the clearing would get outcompeted and smothered. I realise there are messages from the Gospel to which I pay attention for a little while before they get crowded out by my habits and my busyness.
And he knew the huge cost of bringing home the grain which he did manage to grow. I know just how hard God has had to work so that there are messages from the Gospel which do produce what God wants in me.
PATRICK BRONTE’S BEREAVEMENT
Some thoughts for August 2017
Among the thousands of requests left on the Prayer Tree in St Michael’s, Haworth, the most frequent refer to cancer and to early death. Given that Patrick Brontë lost his wife to early death by cancer, we have developed a Haworth-branded leaflet about his bereavement to have available by the Prayer Tree.
The Revd Patrick Brontë had only been the parish priest of Haworth for seventeen months when his wife Maria died of cancer of the uterus on 15th September 1821 aged 38.
It had been a long and harrowing illness. There was no pain management such as a modern hospital or hospice can now provide. Maria was also extremely distressed at leaving her six children. Among them, Charlotte was five, Emily was three and Anne was one.
Soon afterwards Patrick wrote these words to a friend:
Tender sorrow was my daily portion; oppressive grief sometimes lay heavy on me and there were seasons when an agonising something sickened my whole frame, which is I think of such a nature as cannot be described and must be felt in order to be understood. And when my dear wife was dead and buried and gone, and when I missed her at every corner, and when her memory was hourly revived by the innocent yet distressing prattle of my children, I do assure you, my dear Sir, from what I felt, I was happy at the recollection that to sorrow, not as those without hope, was no sin; that our Lord himself had wept over his departed friend, and that he had promised us grace and strength sufficient for such a day.
Several things stand out from those words.
First, his grief was so extreme that he could not even explain what it was like. It is rarely helpful to tell someone that we ‘understand what you are going through’.
Secondly, he did not feel that there was anything wrong in expressing that grief (‘to sorrow was no sin’); he remembers that Jesus wept at the grave of his friend Lazarus. There are cultures in the world where bereaved people are expected to wail, and the modern English habit of trying to hold everything together probably doesn’t help anybody.
Third, it is striking that he doesn’t say: ‘my faith has saved me from feeling extreme grief’. Nor does he say the opposite: ‘this tragedy has destroyed my faith’. Those would be far too simplistic reactions. The much deeper genuine reality for him was that his human ‘agonising’ and his Christian ‘hope’ were woven together in his grief.
His friend would have recognised two quotations from the Bible in what Patrick wrote; these were the threads of hope which he was able to weave around what he said ‘sickened his whole frame’.
The first comes from the earliest Christian writing in St Paul’s first letter to Christians at Thessalonica:
I do not want you to be uninformed about those who sleep in death, so that you do not grieve like the rest of mankind, who have no hope, for we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him.
The second came when St Paul wrote later to Christians at Corinth, telling them that several times he had pleaded with God to take acute pain away from him
But God said to me, ‘My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.’ Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may rest on me.
at your friend’s graveside;
weep alongside us,
alongside those whose
grief is indescribable;
mix resurrection hope
with our tears;
grant enough grace to us,
enough strength to them.
THE EARTH MOVES
Thoughts for July 2017
You may not realise it but I’ve moved to you from an earthquake zone.
We were alerted to this by the earthquake centred on Market Rasen in 2008. I slept through it myself, but many people woke and felt the room moving around them. It was at 5.2 on the Richter Scale, which people guess was about the force of the Lincoln earthquake in 1185 which actually caused the first Lincoln Cathedral to collapse.
What I have only just discovered is that there are earthquakes going on in northern Lincolnshire almost all the time. Only specialised measuring equipment could detect them. Each of these was about nine miles deep, for which compare the less than one mile depth of most oil and gas well drilling. They averaged 1.6 on the Richter Scale, a tiny fragment of the force of the Market Rasen earthquake.
The ground is moving beneath us almost all the time. What we think is solid and unchangeable is in fact always under huge pressure and this often results in small sudden shifts.
I had noticed again that one of the four Gospels tells us there was an earthquake when Jesus rose from the dead. Matthew may be telling us that solid ground of our previous assumptions about the finality of death and about much else suddenly shifted that day.
So my prayer as I move to West Yorkshire is this. I trust that deep underneath everything we assume is desperate or dull, solid or stable, God is still moving in ways we do not yet notice.
My prayer is particularly for those in something like bereavement or depression. It is for those who are stuck in a situation where a debt or a harmful relationship or almost anything else seems unchangeable.
It is for all the English churches where people fear that things do not move as God wants them to.
There is an extraordinary poem near the very end of which it says of God “let him easter in us”. Let the one great earthquake of the resurrection alert us to God’s continued slow hidden work deep within us all the time.